Infection and reinfection of soil-transmitted helminths among children of Sekolah Kebangsaan Gentisan, Sabah

Norazwani Noor, (2005) Infection and reinfection of soil-transmitted helminths among children of Sekolah Kebangsaan Gentisan, Sabah. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

A parasitological study was undertaken at Sekolah Kebangsaan Gentisan, Sabah among 120 school children aged 7, 8 and 9 years old to determine the relation between the soil transmitted helminths (STH) infection and sex, age and domicile. Stool samples were collected in plastic containers and examined using the direct faecal smear, brine gravity flotation and Harada Mori culture methods. Questionnaires were distributed in order to obtain personal details and information on the children's standard of living. Among all the children investigated, 41 (34.2%) children were infected with STH, of which 25.0% had single STH infection, double infection (7.5%) and triple infection (1.7%). The most common species found was Ascaris lumbricoides (75.6%), followed by hookworm (48.8%) and Trichuris trichiura (7.3%). Chi-square test showed a significant association between STH infection and age (P<0.05). There was no significant association between STH infection and sex as well as domicile (P>0.05). The infected children were given a single-dose 200mg albendazole for treatment purposes. After a three months interval, the second collection was made involving the same group of children. Only 57.5% children returned their stool samples. Examination proved the anthelminthic drug was 100% effective, hence there were no reinfection cases. Also, there was no incidence reported among the stools examined. The study demonstrated that the STH infection rate among the school children was affected by their age.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil transmitted helminths (STH), infection, direct faecal smear examination, brine gravity flotation, Harada Mori culture
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 04:15
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 06:36
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/10525

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