Seasonal occurrences of epiphytic algae on the commercially cultivated red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Solieriaceae, Gigartinales, Rhodophyta)

Charles Santhanaraju Vairappan, (2006) Seasonal occurrences of epiphytic algae on the commercially cultivated red alga Kappaphycus alvarezii (Solieriaceae, Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology, 18 (3-5). pp. 611-617. ISSN 0921-8971

[img]
Preview
PDF
203Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-006-9062-6

Abstract

Common problems faced in farming of the red algal genus Kappaphycus/Eucheuma are "ice-ice disease" and the occurrence of epiphytes. Considerable work has been documented on "ice-ice disease" and it's mode of infection but limited information is available on the emergence of epiphytes. The present study addresses the phenomenon of epiphyte infection, its prevalence in commercially cultivated red alga, Kappaphycus alvarezii, and their variability associated with seasonality. Cultured seaweed became susceptible to epiphytes in the dry seasons (1) between March - June and (2) September - November. Findings revealed Neosiphonia savatieri (Hariot) M. S. Kim et I. K. Lee, as the dominant infecting epiphyte, representing up to 80-85% of the epiphyte present during peak seasons. Besides N. savatieri, Neosiphonia apiculata, Ceramium sp., Acanthophora sp. and Centroceras sp. were observed in smaller quantities. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) micrographs revealed the epiphyte's attachment to the host. Further histological study showed the extent of penetration of epiphytes into the host's cortex tissues and condition of its surrounding tissues. The outbreak of epiphytic filamentous red algae also correlated with drastic changes in seawater temperature and salinity during March - June and September - November.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Kappaphycus alvarezii, Epiphyte, Seasonal, Neosiphonia savatieri
Subjects:?? QK504-(638) ??
Divisions:SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
ID Code:1129
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:29 Sep 2011 18:26
Last Modified:23 Feb 2015 09:40

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Browse Repository
Collection
   Articles
   Book
   Speeches
   Thesis
   UMS News
Search
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository