Mohana Sundaram Muthuvalu, (2012) *Weighted mean iterative methods for solving Fredholm integral equations.* PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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## Abstract

Integral equations (IEs) are used as mathematical models for many and varied physical circumstances, and also occur as reformulations of other mathematicalproblems. In this research, first and second kind linear IEs of Fredholm type are considered and solved using numerical approaches. The essential aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of the point and block Weighted Mean (WM) iterative methods categorized as two-stage iterative methods in solving linear systems generated from the discretization of the first and second kind linear Fredholm integral equations (FIEs). In the aspect of discretization schemes, three schemes of different order under composite closed Newton-Cotes quadrature and piecewise polynomial collocation methods were used to discretize first and second kind linear FIEs. Moreover, discussions on computational complexity of the tested point and block WM methods in this research were also included. By comparing point WM iterative methods, the point methods under Geometric Mean (GM) and Harmonic Mean (HM) families are slightly superior to equivalent Arithmetic Mean (AM) methods, particularly for first kind linear FIEs. Meanwhile, performance of the point GM and HM methods is comparable. Based on numerical experiments, results show that proposed 6-Point Quarter-Sweep Block Arithmetic Mean (6-QSBLAM), 6-Point Quarter-Sweep Block Geometric Mean (6-QSBLGM) and 6-Point Quarter Sweep Block Harmonic Mean (6-QSBLHM) methods are the best tested AM, GM and HM iterative methods respectively in solving composite closed Newton-Cotes quadrature and piecewise polynomial collocation systems associated with numerical solutions of first and second kind linear FIEs in the sense of number of iterations and CPU time. For comparison purpose among 6-Point Quarter-Sweep Block Weighted Mean (6-QSBLWM) methods, 6-QSBLGM and 6-QSBLHM methods are slightly better than 6-QSBLAM method in solving FIEs. All variants of point and block WM methods, which were formulated using the half- and quarter-sweep iteration concepts reduce the computational complexity of the standard WM iterative methods at least 75% and 93.75% respectively. in terms of accuracy, all three schemes under piecewise polynomial collocation method yields more accurate approximation solutions than composite closed Newton-Cotes quadrature schemes particularly for the first kind FIEs problems. However, by comparing corresponding orders of composite closed Newton-Cotes quadrature and piecewise polynomial collocation schemes, the accuracy of the approximation solutions is comparable when solving second kind linear FIEs.

Item Type: | Thesis (PhD) |
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Uncontrolled Keywords: | Integral equations (IEs), Fredholm, numerical approaches, eighted Mean (WM) iterative methods, linear systems |

Subjects: | Q Science > QA Mathematics |

Divisions: | SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology |

ID Code: | 11798 |

Deposited By: | IR Admin |

Deposited On: | 15 Oct 2015 16:42 |

Last Modified: | 15 Oct 2015 16:42 |

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