Aeration rate adjustment at night to prevent sinking syndrome-related death in the tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Perciformes:Serranidae) larvae

Ching, Fui Fui and Shigeharu Senoo, and Nakagawa, Yoshizumi and Kato, Keitaro and Sakamoto, Wataru and Takii, Kenji and Shigeru, Miyashita and Miura, Akira (2016) Aeration rate adjustment at night to prevent sinking syndrome-related death in the tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Perciformes:Serranidae) larvae. Aquaculture Research, 47 (1). pp. 165-175. ISSN 1365-2109


Download (52kB) | Preview


The effects of different aeration rates at night to prevent sinking syndrome-related death (SSRD) of the tiger grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus were examined. The aeration rates were fixed at 300 mL min−1 at daytime (07:00–19:00 hours) and regulated to 0, 300 and 900 mL min−1 at night (19:00–07:00 hours). Larval survival, growth, feeding intake, sinking velocity, distribution and behaviour, stress level, surface tension-related death (STRD) and flow velocity distribution were assessed. The occurrence of SSRD in the tiger grouper was observed through the accelerated sinking velocity (Vl) (from 0.15 ± 0.09 cm s−1 at 4 days AH to 0.41 ± 0.09 cm s−1 at 12 days AH) coupled with larval passive swimming behaviour at night-time. On the final day of experiment (15 days AH), larvae reared in 900 mL min−1at night had attained significantly higher (P < 0.05) survival (34.4 ± 5.5%), growth (5.8 ± 0.5 mm) and feeding intake (60.46 ± 6.98 ind. larva−1). A favourable flow field for the tiger grouper was produced in 900 mL min−1 at night-time, in which larvae were transported 15–25 cm above the tank bottom and 1.0 cm beneath the water surface. Under these night-time rearing conditions, larval stress level and number of STRD reared in 900 mL min−1 compared with those observed in 300 mL min−1 remained insignificant, indicating that strong turbulence of flow velocity was not detrimental for larvae. Our findings recommend aeration at 900 mL min−1 at night as this could improve larval survival by reducing SSRD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aeration rate adjustment, sinking syndrome-related death, survival, flow field, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2016 02:41
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 04:12

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Browse Repository
   UMS News
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository