Mycelium-bound lipase from a locally isolated strain of Aspergillus flavus link: Pattern and factors involved in its production

Kamariah Long, and Hasanah Mohd Ghazali, and Arbakariya Ariff, and Kamaruzaman Hj. Ampon, Brig. Jen. Prof. Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. and Bücke, Christopher (1996) Mycelium-bound lipase from a locally isolated strain of Aspergillus flavus link: Pattern and factors involved in its production. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 67 (2). pp. 157-163. ISSN 0268-2575

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Abstract

Aspergillus flavus produces a lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) which is partly bound to the mycelium during growth. The production of the mycelium-bound lipase is concomitant with growth, and declines when growth ceases. Maximum productivity of the enzyme is obtained when the culture is incubated at 30°C, an initial culture pH of 6.5 and with 2% (w/v) each of corn oil and yeast extract as carbon and organic nitrogen source. Yeast extract affects not only the production of lipase but also the secretion of proteases into the culture medium. Production of the latter enzymes, which inactivate the free lipase, is enhanced by adding yeast extract (1-2%, w/v) to the culture medium. However, at 5% (w/v) yeast extract concentration, proteolytic activity is not detected and consequently, the activity of free lipase may easily be measured. Free lipase activity can easily be detected when 0.001 mol dm-3 EDTA is added to the culture medium. The presence of the chelating agent enhances the production and maintains the stability of the extracted mycelium-bound lipase. Aspergillus flavus produces a lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) which is partly bound to the mycelium during growth. The production of the mycelium-bound lipase is concomitant with growth, and declines when growth ceases. Maximum productivity of the enzyme is obtained when the culture is incubated at 30 °C, an initial culture pH of 6·5 and with 2% (w/v) each of corn oil and yeast extract as carbon and organic nitrogen source. Yeast extract affects not only the production of lipase but also the secretion of proteases into the culture medium. Production of the latter enzymes, which inactivate the free lipase, is enhanced by adding yeast extract (1-2%, w/v) to the culture medium. However, at 5% (w/v) yeast extract concentration, proteolytic activity is not detected and consequently, the activity of free lipase may easily be measured. Free lipase activity can easily be detected when 0·001 mol dm-3 EDTA is added to the culture medium. The presence of the chelating agent enhances the production and maintains the stability of the extracted mycelium-bound lipase.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aspergillus flavus, Extracellular (free) lipase, Mycelium-bound lipase, Proteases
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2011 07:15
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 02:16
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/1247

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