Nutrient content of tropical edible seaweeds, Eucheuma cottonii, Caulerpa lentillifera and Sargassum polycystum. J Appl Phycol

Patricia @ Patricia Clementina Matanjun, and Kharidah Muhammad, and Suhaila Mohamed, and Noordin M. Mustapha, (2009) Nutrient content of tropical edible seaweeds, Eucheuma cottonii, Caulerpa lentillifera and Sargassum polycystum. J Appl Phycol. Journal of Applied Phycology, 21 (1). pp. 75-80. ISSN 0921-8971

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-008-9326-4

Abstract

The proximate composition, vitamin C, α-tocopherol, dietary fibers, minerals, fatty acid and amino acid profiles of three tropical edible seaweeds, Eucheuma cottonii (Rhodophyta), Caulerpa lentillifera (Chlorophyta) and Sargassum polycystum (Phaeophyta) were studied. The seaweeds were high in ash (37.15–46.19%) and dietary fibers (25.05–39.67%) and low in lipid content (0.29–1.11%) on dry weight (DW) basis. These seaweeds contained 12.01–15.53% macro-minerals (Na, K, Ca and Mg) and 7.53–71.53 mg.100 g−1 trace minerals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Se and I). The crude protein content of E. cottonii (9.76% DW) and C. lentillifera (10.41% DW) were higher than that of S. polycystum (5.4% DW), and protein chemical scores are between 20 and 67%. The PUFA content of E. cottonii was 51.55%, C. lentillifera 16.76% and S. polycystum 20.34%. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), accounted for 24.98% of all fatty acids in E. cottonii. These seaweeds have significant vitamin C (∼35 mg.100 g−1) and α-tocopherol (5.85–11.29 mg.100 g−1) contents.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Seaweeds, Nutrient composition, Dietary fiber, Minerals, Omega-3 fatty acids, Amino acids
Subjects:T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions:FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
ID Code:12554
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:07 Jan 2016 13:35
Last Modified:07 Jan 2016 13:35

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