Bile resistance and bile salt deconjugation activity of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 in a simulated colonic pH

Babak Rasti , and Mustafa Shuhaimi , and M. H. Anis Shobirin, and Leila Nateghi , and Amir Meimandipour, and A. Manap Mohd Yazid, (2011) Bile resistance and bile salt deconjugation activity of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 in a simulated colonic pH. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment , 9 (1). pp. 89-94. ISSN 1459-0263

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Abstract

The ability of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 to survive and tolerate bile acids exposure and its bile salt hydrolase activity was investigated. The growth rate of B. pseudocatenulatum G4 (106, 108 and 1010cfu/ml) decreased in the presence of 2.0% oxgall compared to the control (without oxgall), however, the colonic concentration of bile acids (0.1%) did not show any significant effect (p<0.05) on the growth rate of this strain in three different simulated colonic pH (5.7, 6.2 and 6.8). Bile salt hydrolase activity, which is the measurement of enzyme activity responsible for bile salt deconjugation, was quantified by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay. B. pseudocatenulatum G4 demonstrated high deconjugation rate (82 to 100%) in TPY broth supplemented with 0.25 mM and 5.0 mM of all six different types of bile acids including: taurocholic acid (TCA), glycocholic acid (GCA), taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA), glycochenodeoxycholic (GCDCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA) and glycodeoxycholic acid (GDCA). Overall, the percentage of deconjugation activity was higher in TPY medium supplemented with 0.25 mM bile acids compared to TPY broth with 5.0 mM bile acids. Also, B. pseudocatenulatum G4 showed good tolerance to bile acids. Generally, B. pseudocatenulatumG4 deconjugated glycoconjugated bile acids in higher amount compared to tauroconjugate ones. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4 demonstrated good tolerance of bile acids suggesting that it would be capable of surviving in the colon and deconjugating bile salts if used as a probiotic.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Secondary Bile Salt, bile resistance, hydrolase, deconjugation, Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4, colonic pH, glycoconjugate, tauroconjugate, probiotic, oxgall, growth rate
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
ID Code:12574
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:07 Jan 2016 14:11
Last Modified:07 Jan 2016 14:11

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