Application of lactic acid bacteria to control microbial contaminants during fermentation of cocoa beans 1

Joko Sulistyo, and Effie Ho, and Cahyaningsih, and Betty Sri, and Laksmi Jenny, (2014) Application of lactic acid bacteria to control microbial contaminants during fermentation of cocoa beans 1. International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Food Sciences, 2 (5). pp. 16-24. ISSN 2311 -2476


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International Journal of Research In Agriculture and Food Sciences © 2013 -2014 IJRAFS & K.A.J. All rights reserved ABSTRACT Cocoa is one of the leading commodity plantation sector. Not only has the potential to increase the country's foreign exchange income but also a major source of income for cocoa farmers in many centers of cocoa producer, but the quality of cocoa beans produced have not been uniform and not in accordance with international standard, resulting in low international price of cocoa market. One of the opportunities to improve the quality of cocoa is through development on fermentation and preservation technology of cocoa beans, using cultures of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from palm sap-based fermented products. Some LAB strains those had been isolated from palm sap fermented liquid, identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, Lactobacillus plantarum and L. fermentum. Results of assay on their antimicrobial activities showed that only L. fermentum and L. plantarum were effective on inhibiting against the growth of some microbial contaminants in cocoa beans. Strain of L. plantarum was able to produce as much as 2.05% lactic acid and hydrogen peroxide as much as 24.87 �g/ml, but did not produce bacteriocins. Strain of L. plantarum was also able to reduce the presence of microbial pathogens S. Typhimurium and Aspergillus flavus by 2 log units at concentrations of 10 7 -10 9 CFU / ml, so that it can meet the quality standards of cocoa that has been established.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lactic acid bacteria, palmyra-sap, cocoafermentation, antimicrobial, antimycotic
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 04:49
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 06:32

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