Development of pure culture starter using a white-spored mutant of koji mold, K-1A for kecap, an Indonesian soy sauce

Joko Sulistyo, and Sayuki Nikkuni, (2006) Development of pure culture starter using a white-spored mutant of koji mold, K-1A for kecap, an Indonesian soy sauce. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly: JARQ, 40 (2). pp. 171-175. ISSN 2185-8896

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Abstract

In order to prevent aflatoxin contamination in the production of kecap, an Indonesian soy sauce, the starter culture was prepared using the white-spored mutant K-1A strain induced from the aflatoxinnegative koji mold, Aspergills sp. K-1 and applied to koji making process of kecap. The number of spores developed on the cooked rice inoculated with K-1A was not so different from that of K-1. The germination ability of K-1A after storing at 30°C and 75% RH for 3 weeks was also not so different from that of K-1. While kecap koji making process took 9 days by conventional method (without inoculum), the use of the starter culture shortened the process to 3 days at room temperature. Since the inoculated strain K-1A developed white conidia (spores) during incubation, the mutant could be distinguished from contaminated aspergilli by their appearances on agar plates. The number (cfu/g) of contaminated aspergilli in the kecap koji from the environment decreased to 1/10 by using the starter culture. The kecap mash prepared with the kecap koji inoculated with the starter contained higher formol nitrogen and water-soluble nitrogen than those prepared with the koji without any starter. These results demonstrate that the use of the white-spored mutant as a starter not only contributes to the prevention of aflatoxin contamination but also improves the conventional kecap fermentation process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aflatoxin, Aspergillus
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2015 04:35
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 06:33
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/12621

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