Bio-oils and diesel fuel derived from alkaline treated empty fruit bunch (EFB)

Nor Aishah Saidina Amin, and Mailin Misson, and Roslindawati Haron, and Mohd Fadhzir Ahmad Kamaroddin, and Wan Nor Nadyaini Wan Omar, and Kok, Giap Haw (2012) Bio-oils and diesel fuel derived from alkaline treated empty fruit bunch (EFB). International Journal of Biomass & Renewables, 1 (1). pp. 6-14. ISSN 2289-1692

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Abstract

In this work, EFB was chemically pretreated with di¬erent sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration. Pyrolysis was conducted in the presence of HZSM-5 after the pretreatment step to assess the e¬ects of pretreatment process on bio-oil production. Conversions of EFB were reported to be 61 wt%, 47 wt% and 42 wt%, after pretreatment with 5 wt%, 15 wt% and 25 wt%, NaOH concentrations, respectively. Furthermore, the pretreatment has e¬ectively improved the bio-oil quality by reducing or even eliminating undesired products. Besides, biomass structure was dissembled and converted to valuable compounds after upgrading the bio-oil with improved quality.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-oils, Empty palm fruit bunch (EFB), Pretreatment, Pyrolysis, Upgrading
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: SCHOOL > Biotechnology Research Institute (BRI)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2016 03:05
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2017 07:20
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/12803

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