Glycerolysis of palm fatty acid distillate for biodiesel feedstock under different reactor conditions

Aminul Islam, and Hamid Reza Fard Masoumi, and Siow, Hwa Teo and Yadollah Abdollahi, and Janaun Jidon, and Yun Hin Taufiq-Yap, (2016) Glycerolysis of palm fatty acid distillate for biodiesel feedstock under different reactor conditions. Fuel, 174. pp. 133-139. ISSN 0016-2361

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Abstract

This paper deals with the comparative study on glycerolysis of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) in a solvent free system at different reaction conditions in an attempt to get maximum degree of FFA% reduction for biodiesel feedstock. Initially, optimization of varied reaction parameters was performed under all the different reaction conditions using artificial neural network (ANN) based on the genetic algorithm (GA). It has been found that the reduction of acidity varies with varying reaction conditions with maximum reaction rate observed in case of reaction carried-out in open reactor system with inert gas flow, followed by the reaction in open reactor system without inert gas flow and then in case of reaction under the close reactor system. In the most favorable case, 1.5 mgKOH/gPFAD of FFA (free fatty acid) was achieved after 90 min of reaction time with an excess glycerol of 4% at 220 °C. The results from the ANN model show good agreement with experimental results. Thus, the glycerolysis in open reactor system with inert gas flow (N2) option is much-preferred option compared to acid esterification for the same biodiesel plant capacity, particularly for high-FFA feedstocks. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acidity; Free fatty acids; Glycerolysis; Palm fatty acid distillate
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2016 06:15
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 04:39
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/13558

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