Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia

Norlaila Mustafa, and Nor Azmi Kamarudin, and Ab Aziz Ismail, and Amir Sharifuddin Md Khir, and Ikram Shah Ismail, and Kamarul Imran Musa, and Khalid Abdul Kadir, and Nor Azwany Yaacob, and Osman Ali, and Siti Harnida, and Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar, and Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud, (2011) Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia. Diabetes Care, 34 (6). pp. 1362-1364. ISSN 0149-5992


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OBJECTIVE-To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS-The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1% (30.2% in men and 69.8% in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1% of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6% of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6% (31.0% in men and 69.0% in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS-The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impaired fasting glucose, Diagnosis, Health, NIDDM
Subjects: ?? RA771-771.7 ??
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2011 08:14
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 04:32

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