Morphological characteristics of hardened cement pastes incorporating nano-palm oil fuel ash

Mohd Azrul Abdul Rajak, and Zaiton Abdul Majid, and Mohammad Ismail, (2015) Morphological characteristics of hardened cement pastes incorporating nano-palm oil fuel ash. In: 2nd International Materials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Conference, MIMEC2015, 4-6 February 2015, Bali, Indonesia.


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Recently, nano-sized additives and supplementary cementing materials (SCM) have shown to improve the mechanical and durability of mortars and concretes. This study investigates the incorporation of nano-POFA (nPOFA) into cement paste so as to observe its effect towards the microstructure development of cement. Additionally, the effect of micro-sized POFA (mPOFA) was also carried out for comparison. The mPOFA were subjected to milling for the generation of nPOFA. The prepared nPOFA exhibited a BET specific surface area of 145.35 m2/g with an average particle size ranging between 20 nm to 90 nm. Cement pastes were prepared with 10% - 50% replacement of nPOFA and 10% - 30% replacement of mPOFA. The morphological analysis of hardened cement paste (hcp) containing nPOFA (nPOFA-hcp), mPOFA (mPOFA-hcp) at the curing ages of 7, 28 and 90 days were conducted and compared with Ordinary Portland cement paste. At 7 days curing, the nPOFA particles acted as fillers and nucleation sites to accelerate cement hydration. The nPOFA particles reduced the appearance of lime crystals in the nPOFA-hcp at later curing ages due to the occurrence of pozzolanic reactions which formed secondary calcium-silicate-hydrates gel, resulting in a compact microstructure. The study concluded that the nPOFA particles created a dense and closely-packed microstructure of the hardened cement pastes due to the filling effect and pozzolanic reactions in the pastes.

Item Type:Conference Paper (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nano-palm oil fuel ash; supplementary cementing material; cement hydration; pozzolanic reaction
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
ID Code:14840
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:02 Nov 2016 10:10
Last Modified:02 Nov 2016 10:10

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