Temporal and spatial distribution of harmful algal bloom (HAB) species in coastal waters of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Aimimuliani Adam, and Normawaty Mohamad Noor, and Ann Anton, Datin and Ejria Saleh, and Shahbudin Saad, and Sitti Raehanah Muhd. Shaleh, (2011) Temporal and spatial distribution of harmful algal bloom (HAB) species in coastal waters of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Harmful Algae, 10 (5). pp. 495-502. ISSN 1568-9883

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Abstract

Development of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in coastal waters of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, is a recurring problem. The blooms are caused by Pyrodinium bahamense var. cornpressum and Cochlodinium polykrikoides. Recently, another potential NAB species, Gymnodinium catenatum, was identified. The occurrence of these species is known to be related to a range of factors, including seasonal monsoons, nutrients, physical parameters and geomorphology. To understand the occurrence and distribution of the three species, extensive samplings were carried out over a period of one year, including the South West Monsoon (SWM), North East Monsoon (NEM) and Inter-Monsoon (IM) periods, at 5 stations located in 3 different bays off Kota Kinabalu. Cell density of the three HAB species and in situ physical parameters (salinity, pH and temperature) were recorded. Secondary data such as rain fall and wind speed were obtained from the Meteorology Department, Kota Kinabalu. C polykrikoides and G. catenatum occurred year-round with the highest cell densities of 1.54 x 10(7) cells L(-1) and 1.24 x 10(6) cells L(-1) in December (NEM). P. bahamense var. compressum was found in low numbers with maximum cell density of 2 x 10(4) cells L(-1) in August (SWM). The absence of P. bahamense var. compressum during the highest peak of C. polykrikoides and G. catenatum was related to nutrient concentrations and composition. The three species tended to occur at stations near the river and in a sheltered area. The results of the study indicate that the coastal area of Kota Kinabalu may continue to experience HAB problems, unless environmental conditions change significantly.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cochlodinium polykrikoides, Gymnodinium catenatum, Harmful algal bloom, Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum, Monsoon, Sabah
Subjects: ?? QK504-(638) ??
Divisions: SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2011 01:34
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 06:38
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/1487

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