Vacuum membrane distillation processes for aqueous solution treatment—A review

Rosalam Sarbatly, and Chiam, Chel Ken (2013) Vacuum membrane distillation processes for aqueous solution treatment—A review. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 74. pp. 27-54. ISSN 255-2701


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The current applications of vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) process for various industrial aqueous solutions have been thoroughly reviewed. The applications of VMD can be grouped into three major processes: the single component transport process, the binary component transport process and the multicomponent transport process. The porous and hydrophobic membrane in the VMD system serves as a physical support for the liquid–gas interface and does not allow one of the phases to disperse into the other. The membrane provides an efficient separator for the phase-change process. The use of the correct membrane can offer a high production rate and a high separation factor at low temperatures. VMD, an alternative separation technology with applications in desalination, concentration, organic extraction and dissolved gas removal, can compete with conventional liquid–gas separation systems. The present paper critically reviewed VMD technology; the important components of the scope of this review included applications and processes, membrane modules, heat and mass transfer, model development, membrane, process conditions, fouling, energy consumption and production cost. Finally, the potential for future research as a requisite for VMD industrialisation was suggested.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aqueous solutions; Vacuum membrane distillation; Membrane module; Heat and mass transfer; Energy and cost
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2016 01:14
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 06:21

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