Out of sight: aggregations of epizoic comb jellies underneath mushroom corals

Zarinah Waheed, and A. Alamaru, and B. W. Hoeksema, (2013) Out of sight: aggregations of epizoic comb jellies underneath mushroom corals. Coral Reefs , 32 (4). p. 1065. ISSN 1432-0975

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00338-013-1078-1

Abstract

Over two-thirds of all known species of comb jellies (Ctenophora) are planktonic, whereas the remainder (order Platyctenida) is composed of benthic species. Many of these are epizoic, some of which (Coeloplana spp.) are on octocorals (Matsumoto and Gowlett-Holmes 1996; Song and Hwang 2010), but none have been reported in association with scleractinians (Stella et al. 2011; Hoeksema et al. 2012). During a biodiversity survey around Payar Island (06°03′–06°04′N, 100°02′–100°03′E), Strait of Malacca, Malaysia, in June 2013, aggregations of an epizoic ctenophore of the family Coeloplanidae, possibly a Coeloplana sp., were discovered at 9–12 m depth. They were found on 10 free-living mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) belonging to Pleuractis moluccensis and Fungia fungites. Each coral hosted from two to over 20 of these coeloplanids, which showed a brown, transparent colouration (Fig. 1). Comb jellies on the white, aboral side of fungiids were more common and easier to spot than those on the brown (zooxanthellate) oral side. Some shifted their position after their host was overturned (Fig. 1b, c).

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:biodiversity, comb jellies, benthic species, octocorals
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
ID Code:15109
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:02 Dec 2016 16:20
Last Modified:02 Dec 2016 16:20

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