Significant indicators in the assessment of environment Tourism Carrying Capacity (ETCC): a case study at Royal Belum State Park, Perak Darulridzuan, Malaysia

Noorul Iffa Mohd Nayan, and Shamzani Affendy Mohd. Din, and Alias Abdullah, and Awangku Hassanal Bahar Pengiran Bagul, (2015) Significant indicators in the assessment of environment Tourism Carrying Capacity (ETCC): a case study at Royal Belum State Park, Perak Darulridzuan, Malaysia. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences, 15. pp. 153-160. ISSN 1818-6769

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Abstract

Carrying capacity concept is viewed as a weak concept in tourism management and planningalthough the original theory was seen as a remarkable solution in controlling the impacts of tourism towardsthe environment. However, due to its complexity and vagueness in indicating attributes and criteria to governthe framework, this theory received big criticism among scholars. Hence, this study was carried out to evaluatethe importance of indicators over another to produce a hierarchical structure of environmental tourism carryingcapacity (ETCC) framework for Royal Belum State Park (RBSP). ETCC is a site-specific way for implementation,where the indicators should be developed to solve the issues occurring on the site rather than beinggeneralized for all sites. The methodology applied in this study is through triangulation approach whichinvolves a process of identifying relevant indicators via content analysis, indicators screening viaquestionnaire survey, determining appropriate stakeholders via stakeholder analysis and evaluating thesignificant indicators via structured interview. The data collected were then analysed by using analytichierarchy process (AHP) method rooted in the multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) process. The study hasdiscovered that biophysical environment dimension (0.369) is the most important against tourism facilitymanagement (0.361), social-cultural (0.167) and political-economics dimension (0.103). Likewise, the top fourindicators representing the four dimensions are wildlife threatened species (0.186), tourist satisfaction level(0.259), policy and regulations by park manager (0.300) and community profits (0.528). Based on these findings,it can be concluded that prioritizing the indicators could enhance the efficiency of ETCC, particularly in theimplementation stage, by engaging appropriate stakeholders to participate in the data collection. This studyalso proved at theory that ETCC is a tailor made framework that works according to the issues and problemsencountered a specific site.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental tourism carrying capacity (ETCC) , Significant indicators , Royal Belum State Park(RBSP), Analytic hierarchy process (AHP) , Stakeholder analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Heritage
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2017 02:53
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 06:08
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/15361

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