Cellulose extraction from palm kernel cake using liquid phase oxidation

Farm, Yan Yan and Krishnaiah, Duduku and Mariani Rajin, and Awang Bono, (2009) Cellulose extraction from palm kernel cake using liquid phase oxidation. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 4 (1). pp. 57-68. ISSN 1823-4690

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Abstract

Cellulose is widely used in many aspect and industries such as food industry, pharmaceutical, paint, polymers, and many more. Due to the increasing demand in the market, studies and work to produce cellulose are still rapidly developing. In this work, liquid phase oxidation was used to extract cellulose from palm kernel cake to separate hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. The method is basically a two-step process. Palm kernel cake was pretreated in hot water at 180°C and followed by liquid oxidation process with 30% H2O2 at 60°C at atmospheric pressure. The process parameters are hot water treatment time, ratio of palm kernel cake to H2O2, liquid oxidation reaction temperature and time. Analysis of the process parameters on production cellulose from palm kernel cake was performed by using Response Surface Methodology. The recovered cellulose was further characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). Through the hot water treatment, hemicellulose in the palm kernel cake was successfully recovered as saccharides and thus leaving lignin and cellulose. Lignin was converted to water soluble compounds in liquid oxidation step which contains small molecular weight fatty acid as HCOOH and CH3COOH and almost pure cellulose was recovered. © School of Engineering, Taylor's University College.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hemicellulose, Hot water treatment, Lignin, Response surface methodology
Subjects:?? QD241-441 ??
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Engineering and Information Technology
ID Code:1539
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:17 Mar 2011 15:44
Last Modified:24 Feb 2015 11:16

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