Ionic liquid as a promising biobased green solent in combination with microwave irradiation for direct biodiesel production

Sitti Raehanah Muhamad Shaleh, and Suzana Wahidin, and Ani Idris, (2016) Ionic liquid as a promising biobased green solent in combination with microwave irradiation for direct biodiesel production. Bioresource Technology, 206 . pp. 150-154. ISSN 0960-8524

[img]
Preview
PDF
45Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.01.084

Abstract

The wet biomass microalgae of Nannochloropsis sp. was converted to biodiesel using direct transesterification (DT) by microwave technique and ionic liquid (IL) as the green solvent. Three different ionic liquids; 1-butyl-3-metyhlimidazolium chloride ([BMIM][Cl], 1-ethyl-3-methylimmidazolium methyl sulphate [EMIM][MeSO4] and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethane sulfonate [BMIM][CF3SO3]) and organic solvents (hexane and methanol) were used as co-solvents under microwave irradiation and their performances in terms of percentage disruption, cell walls ruptured and biodiesel yields were compared at different reaction times (5, 10 and 15 min). [EMIM][MeSO4] showed highest percentage cell disruption (99.73%) and biodiesel yield (36.79% per dried biomass) after 15 min of simultaneous reaction. The results demonstrated that simultaneous extraction-transesterification using ILs and microwave irradiation is a potential alternative method for biodiesel production.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Direct transesterification, Green solvent, Ionic liquid, Microalgae, Microwave
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions:SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
ID Code:15511
Deposited By:Munira M
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 13:22
Last Modified:06 Feb 2017 13:22

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Browse Repository
Collection
   Articles
   Book
   Speeches
   Thesis
   UMS News
Search
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository