Probucol modulates iron nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-dependent renal carcinogenesis and hyperproliferative response: Diminution of oxidative stress

Iqbal, Mohammad and Yasumasa, Okazaki and Shigeru, Okada (2007) Probucol modulates iron nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-dependent renal carcinogenesis and hyperproliferative response: Diminution of oxidative stress. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 304 (1-2). pp. 61-69. ISSN 0300-8177

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Abstract

Probucol is a clinically used cholesterol-lowering drug, with pronounced antioxidant properties. We have reported previously, that dietary supplementation of probucol enhances NAD(P)H:quinone reductase (Iqbal M, Okada S (2003) Pharmacol Toxicol 93:259-263) and inhibits Fe-NTA induced lipid peroxidation and DNA damage in vitro (Iqbal M, Sharma SD, Oakada (2004) Redox Rep 9:167-172). Further to this, in the present study, we evaluated the modulatory effect of probucol on iron nitrilotriacetae (Fe-NTA) dependent renal carcinogenesis, hyperproliferative response and oxidative stress. In Fe-NTA alone treated group, a 20% renal cell tumor incidence was recorded whereas, in N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-initiated and Fe-NTA promoted animals, the percentage tumor incidence was increased to 70% as compared with untreated controls. No tumor incidence was recorded in DEN-initiated, nonpromoted group. Diet supplemented with 1.0% probucol fed prior to, during and after Fe-NTA treatment in DEN-initiated animals afforded >65% protection in renal cell tumor incidence. Probucol fed diet pretreatment also resulted a significant and dose dependent inhibition of Fe-NTA induced renal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. In oxidative stress studies, Fe-NTA alone treatment enhanced lipid peroxidation, accompanied by a decrease in the level of GSH, activities of antioxidants and phase II metabolizing enzymes in kidney concomitant with histolopathological changes. These changes were significantly and dose-dependently alleviated by probucol fed diet. From this data, it can be concluded that probucol can modulates toxic and tumor promoting effects of Fe-NTA and can serve as a potent chemopreventive agent to suppress oxidant induced tissue injury and carcinogenesis, in addition to being a cholesterol lowering and anti-atherogenic drug. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes, Carcinogenesis, Chemoprevention, Iron nitrilotriacetate, Oxidative stress, Probucol, Tumor promotion
Subjects: ?? RC254-282 ??
Divisions: SCHOOL > Biotechnology Research Institute (BRI)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 20 May 2011 08:49
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 07:11
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/1584

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