Biosynthesis of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and characterisation of its blend with oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers

Yoga Sugama Salim, and Amirul Al-Ashraf Abdullah, and Coswald Stephen Sipaut @ Mohd Nasri, and Mohamad Nasir Mohamad Ibrahim, (2011) Biosynthesis of poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and characterisation of its blend with oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers. Bioresource Technology, 102 (3). pp. 3626-3628. ISSN 09608524


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Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-38 mol%-3-hydroxyvalerate) [P(3HB-co-38 mol%-3HV)] was produced by Cupriavidus sp. USMAA2–4 in the presence of oleic acid and 1-pentanol. Due to enormous production of empty fruit bunch (EFB) in the oil palm plantation and high production cost of P(3HB-co-3HV), oil palm EFB fibers were used for biocomposites preparation. In this study, maleic anhydride (MA) and benzoyl peroxide (DBPO) were used to improve the miscibility between P(3HB-co-3HV) and EFB fibers. Introduction of MA into P(3HB-co-3HV) backbone reduced the molecular weight and improved the thermal stability of P(3HB-co-3HV). Thermal stability of P(3HB-co-3HV)/EFB composites was shown to be comparable to that of commercial packaging product. Composites with 35% EFB fibers content have the highest tensile strength compared to 30% and 40%. P(3HB-co-3HV)/EFB blends showed less chemicals leached compared to commercial packaging.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Empty fruit bunch; Leaching study; Maleic anhydride; PHA; Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Engineering and Information Technology
ID Code:1678
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:17 Feb 2011 17:39
Last Modified:16 Feb 2015 15:34

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