Effect of incorporated different types of organic fertilizers with soil of plot-17 SPL-UMS on growth and yield of paddy variety TQR-8

Valerie Anak Dilol, (2012) Effect of incorporated different types of organic fertilizers with soil of plot-17 SPL-UMS on growth and yield of paddy variety TQR-8. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

A study was conducted on paddy variety TQR-S with different types of organic fertilizers incorporated with soil of assigned for paddy plot 17 SPL-UMS. The objectives of this study were to identify the effect of using different types of organic fertilizers towards the growth and yield of paddy and to identify which was the best organic fertilizer that can improve the fertility of the soil located at the paddy plot 17 SPL-UMS. The study was conducted at the rain shelter house in school of Sustainable Agriculture (SPL), Universiti Malaysia Sabah with the coordinate of S° 55' N and 118⁰ 02' E and it started on 22nd June 2012 until 22nd October 2012. Treatments that have been used were Poultry manure, Goat manure, Bio-S Organic fertilizer, Vermicompost , Bokashi EM and NPK (90: 60: 60) kg/ha as the control and the effects of the treatments towards paddy plant were examined based on vegetative growth, yield component and soil fertility parameters. This experiment was done using Complete Randomized Design (CRD) and was analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Paddy seedlings were transplanted in the pot with two seedlings for each treatment. The rate of fertilizer application was based on the recommended rates for respective treatments. According to the results, for vegetative growth (plant height, culm height, number of tillers and percentage of productive tillers) overall showed having significant different mean values (p < 0.05) for all treatments. Bio-S showed high plant height (111.73 cm) and culm height (76.84 cm) compare to other treatments. Poultry manure showed high percentage of productive tiller (95.47%). Goat manure has the highest value for number of tillers (24 tillers). For yield component, the parameters (number of panicles, length of panicles, number of grain per panicle, number of filled grain per panicle, number of empty grains per panicle, percentage of filled grain, weight of1000 grain and extrapolated yield) showed having mean value of Significant different (p < 0.05) among the treatments. Goat manure has the highest number of panicle (24 panicles), highest number of grains per panicle (121 grains), high number of filled grains (108 grains), lowest number of empty grains (14 grains), high percentage of filled grains (89.43%), high weight of 1000 grains (29.29 g) and high extrapolated yield of S.9 tons per hectare. For soil fertility, vermicompost increased the percentage of Nitrogen content from 0.0004% to 0.0011%. In conclusion, Goat manure is the suitable organic fertilizer that can give good growth and yield of paddy variety TQR-S. From this study, farmers who are planting paddy crop in the same type of soil as plot 17 SPL -UMS are encouraged to use goat manure with the rate of 20 ton per hectare because it produce high yield.

Item Type:Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords:paddy variety TQR-S, organic fertilizers, soil, rain shelter house
Subjects:S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions:FACULTY > Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture
ID Code:17317
Deposited By:Munira M
Deposited On:05 Jul 2017 09:57
Last Modified:05 Jul 2017 09:57

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