Water desalination by air-gap membrane distillation using meltblown polypropylene nanofiber membrane

Rosalam Sarbatly, and Chiam, Chel Ken and S Widyaparamitha, and YW Chang, and CA Lee, (2016) Water desalination by air-gap membrane distillation using meltblown polypropylene nanofiber membrane. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 36 (1). 012032.

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Abstract

This paper presents a study of air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) using meltblown polypropylene (PP) nanofiber membrane to produce fresh water via desalination process. PP nanofiber membranes with the effective area 0.17 m2 are tested with NaCl solutions (0.5 – 4.0 wt.%) and seawater as the feed solutions (9400 – 64800 µS/cm) in a tubular membrane module. Results show that the flux decreases with increasing the membrane thickness from 547 to 784 µm. The flux increases with the feed flow rate and temperature difference across the membrane. The feed concentration affects the flux insignificantly. The AGMD system can reject the salts at least 96%. Water vapor permeation rate is relatively higher than solute permeation rate resulting in the conductivity value of permeate decreases when the corresponding flux increases. The AGMD system produces the fresh water (200 – 1520 µS/cm) that is suitable for drinking, fisheries or irrigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fresh water, desalination process , seawater
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2018 15:00
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 15:00
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/18486

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