The Malaysian federation in 1963 and the indonesia-malaysia confrontation: an analysis of the bipolar international system

Mohd. Noor Mat Yazid, (2016) The Malaysian federation in 1963 and the indonesia-malaysia confrontation: an analysis of the bipolar international system. Romanian Journal of History and International Studies, 3 (2). pp. 185-201.

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Abstract

This paper discusses the formation of the Federation of Malaysia and the Indonesian objection to it from the perspective of the bipolar international system. The confrontation policy launched by Indonesia in September 1963 ended in April 1967 when Suharto became president. Why did the policy and bilateral relation change after the fall of Sukarno? We assess that the systemic factor strongly influenced the Indonesian policy towards Malaysia. The bilateral relations between the two countries shifted after April 1967 as a result of the changes that took place in Indonesian domestic politics. Western powers, especially the United States, had supported Suharto’s ascension to power, with the purpose of avoiding the formation of a communist state in the region. This paper demonstrates that the systemic structure has strongly influenced the Indonesian policy towards Malaysia. The changes in the domestic politics of Indonesia could be considered a part of the United States’ strategy of blocking communism from spreading in Southeast Asia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bipolarity, Indonesia, Malaysia, Confrontation, Indonesian Coup
Subjects: J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Heritage
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2018 07:17
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2018 07:17
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/18690

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