Temporal and spatial distribution of nutrients and HABs at coastal water of Kota Belud, Sabah

Sujjat Al Azad, and Sitti Raehanah Muhamad Shaleh, and Tan, Kar Soon (2016) Temporal and spatial distribution of nutrients and HABs at coastal water of Kota Belud, Sabah. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 7. pp. 233-242. ISSN 2156-8502

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Abstract

A study was carried out to determine the temporal and spatial distribution of nutrients and Harmful Algal Blooming species (HABs) to establish the relationship between nutrient concentrations and HABs density in the coastal water of Kota Belud, Sabah, Malaysia. Eight stations were set up in four transects (each transect had two stations; one 500 meters seawards from shoreline, and another five kilometers seawards from shoreline) along the Kota Belud coastal area. Phytoplankton samples, water samples and in situ environmental parameters were collected during dry and wet seasons. Altogether nine HABs species were identified from the study area, where six species (Pyrodinium bahamense, Prorocentum micans, Neoceratium furca, Prorocentum sigmoides, Dinophysis caudate, and Neoceratium fursus) belonged to Dinophyceae and three species (Thalassionema nitzchoioides, Chatoceros affinis, Rhizosolenia sp.) belonged to Bacillariophyceae. Among nine species, Chatoceros affinis was the most abundance composed of 80.6% of total species recorded from all stations during study period. Among the toxic producing Dinoflagellate, Pyrodinium bahamense bloom (>103 cells/l) was observed during study period. Trong linear relationship (r2 = 0.80) was observed between the cell density and concentration of nitrate nitrogen. Relationship between cell density and phosphate phosphorus was poor (r2 = 0.51). The study showed that increasing in nutrient concentrations resulted in the increasing of HABs density. Nitrate was seen to be more important than phosphate in Kota Belud water as limiting factor of the growth of HABs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HABs cell density, nitrate, phosphate, Kota Belud’s Coastal Water, nutrients concentration, phytoplankton
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Divisions: SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2018 07:07
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2018 07:07
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/18766

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