Sorption studies of Methylene Blue in aqueous solution by optimized carbon prepared from Guava seeds (Psidium guajaval)

Collin G. Joseph, and Awang Bono, and Duduku Krishnaiah, and Soon, Kok Onn (2007) Sorption studies of Methylene Blue in aqueous solution by optimized carbon prepared from Guava seeds (Psidium guajaval). Journal of Material Science, 13 (1). pp. 83-87.

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Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to determine the adsorption behavior and kinetics of methylene blue in aqueous solution on activated carbons prepared from guava seeds by way of the two stage activation method in self-generated atmosphere using a muffle furnace. The yield and ash contents of the activated carbons obtained decreased with the increase of activation temperature and time. FT-IR spectra indicated high surface functional groups present in the carbons. The optimised activated carbon, AK6, had a sorption kinetics that complied with the pseudo-second order kinetics and was fitted well to Langmuir isotherm model. The highest adsorption capacity was obtained when the samples (AK6) were subjected to activation temperature of 500 °C for 45 minutes giving iodine number of 198.12 mg g–1 and the percentage of methylene blue removal efficiency of 84.75 %.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption , carbons , muffle furnace
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Engineering
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2018 02:21
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 02:21
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/18980

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