Development of parallel scales to measure HIV related stigma in Sabah

Khin, Swe Ei and Wendy Diana Shoesmith, (2016) Development of parallel scales to measure HIV related stigma in Sabah. Borneo Journal of Medical Sciences, 10 (1). pp. 19-29. ISSN 1985-1758

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Abstract

In this study parallel scales were constructed to use to measure the levels of HIV-related stigma towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in populations with different backgrounds in Sabah. The study also explored the components of stigma within the population. We found that there were three principle components of HIV related stigma: “Interpersonal distancing,” “Shame and blame,” and “Positive opinions about PLHIV”. The scales constructed showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.69 to 0.85) in all samples. The medical students and people with more knowledge about HIV had significantly lower levels of all three factors of personal stigma. Regarding HIV-related knowledge, the non-medical university students and the rural community group were found to have poor knowledge of HIV transmission and prevention. This scale can be used by researchers or public health officials who wish to study HIV related stigma or to evaluate the impact of stigma interventions in the local context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV-related stigma, parallel scales, University students, rural community
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Munira
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 03:24
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2018 03:24
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/19367

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