Comparative analysis of community perceptions on socioeconomic impacts of Tun Sakaran Marine Park, Malaysia

Azmi Abd Majid, and Lim Thien Sang, and Kasim Md. Mansur, and Agnes Paulus Jidwin, and Rostika Petrus Boroh, and Rosle Mohidin, and Julenah Ag. Nuddin, and Kamisan Pusiran, (2018) Comparative analysis of community perceptions on socioeconomic impacts of Tun Sakaran Marine Park, Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Business and Economics, 5 (1). pp. 67-76. ISSN 2289-6856

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Abstract

The study aims to investigate the perceptions of the local community of Semporna with regard to the establishment of the Tun Sakaran Marina Park. Specifically, the present paper compares the opinions on socioeconomic impacts of its establishment of two community groups: ocean-dependent community versus all the others. Structured questionnaire was used and purposive-sampling method was carried out. More than 200 respondents participated and data were analyzed using SPSS. The results generally indicated the local community had benefited socioeconomically from the marine protected areas. They were feeling proud of having the park. Despite recorded mostly favourable perceptions, significant opinion differences in certain aspects were observed between the two groups. An important aspect of concern was job opportunity, where the ocean-dependent group felt there was not much job opportunity. On the contrary, the rest of the local community thought differently as they generally agreed employment opportunity was good. Significant gap was also recorded in term of activities that can be done in Semporna, in which the former was showing a lower degree of optimism. These results seemed to suggest there may be disparities in term of economic opportunity or resource distribution among the community in Semporna, which may explain a much lower self-reported monthly income of the ocean-dependent community group. In terms of marine conservation and preservation, the ocean-dependent community also expressed stronger perceptions on ineffectiveness. Moving forward, the paper recommended some suggestions to narrow the opinion gaps between the two community groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: marine protected areas, socioeconomic impacts, Tun Sakaran Marine Park, Borneo
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Business, Economics and Accounting
Depositing User: Puan Dg Masniah Ahmad
Date Deposited: 08 May 2019 00:42
Last Modified: 08 May 2019 00:42
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/22008

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