Urban coral reefs: Degradation and resilience of hard coral assemblages in coastal cities of East and Southeast Asia

Eliza C.Heery, and Bert W. Hoeksema, and Nicola K. Browne, and James D. Reimer, and Put O. Ang, and Danwei Huang, and Daniel A. Friess, and Chou, Loke Ming and Lynette H.L. Loke, and Poonam Saksena-Taylor, and Nadia Alsagoff, and Thamasak Yeemin, and Makamas Sutthacheep, and Si Tuan Vo, and Arthur R. Bos, and Girley S. Gumanao, and Muhammad Ali Syed Hussein, and David J.W. Lane, and Ofri Johan, and Andreas Kunzmann, and Jamaluddin Jompa, and Suharsono, and Daisuke Taira, and Andrew G. Bauman, and Peter A. Todd, (2018) Urban coral reefs: Degradation and resilience of hard coral assemblages in coastal cities of East and Southeast Asia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 135. pp. 654-681. ISSN 0025-326X

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Abstract

Given predicted increases in urbanization in tropical and subtropical regions, understanding the processes shaping urban coral reefs may be essential for anticipating future conservation challenges. We used a case study approach to identify unifying patterns of urban coral reefs and clarify the effects of urbanization on hard coral assemblages. Data were compiled from 11 cities throughout East and Southeast Asia, with particular focus on Singapore, Jakarta, Hong Kong, and Naha (Okinawa). Our review highlights several key characteristics of urban coral reefs, including “reef compression” (a decline in bathymetric range with increasing turbidity and decreasing water clarity over time and relative to shore), dominance by domed coral growth forms and low reef complexity, variable city-specific inshore-offshore gradients, early declines in coral cover with recent fluctuating periods of acute impacts and rapid recovery, and colonization of urban infrastructure by hard corals. We present hypotheses for urban reef community dynamics and discuss potential of ecological engineering for corals in urban areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pollution, Reef compression, Reef restoration, Urban ecology, Urbanization
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: SCHOOL > Borneo Marine Research Institute
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2019 05:52
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2019 05:52
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/22531

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