Synthesis and development of Polyol from refined palm oil and their effect in the formation of Polyurethane cellular structure

Coswald Stephen Sipaut @ Mohd Nasri, and Murni Sundang, and Sariah Saalah, (2011) Synthesis and development of Polyol from refined palm oil and their effect in the formation of Polyurethane cellular structure. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In this study, synthesized polyols from refined palm oil, one of the ingredients in producing polyurethane CPU) foam, were investigated. The effects of reaction time, pH and type of solvents used on the properties of the polyols were characterized by using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Further studies were carried out by using the synthesized polyols in combination with other chemicals for PU foam formation. The characterizations of the PU foams were performed through chemical, morphological and thermal analyses. The results showed that the polyols were synthesized successfully from refined palm oil by using epoxidation and the hydroxylation process. 50 % of the unsaturated fatty acids in the refined palm oil were converted to saturated fatty acids and hydroxyl compounds as the reaction time increased up to five hours. However, the chemical contents in the polyols did not show significant changes as the pH value increased from pH 3 to pH 7. Using different types of solvent in the process showed that the hydroxyl content of the polyols ranged between 57 to 69 mg KOHl g, with M w in the range of 15325 to 19320 g mOrl. The results also revealed that not all the synthesized polyols were suitable for PU foam formation. It is recommended that the minimum hydroxyl content and molecular weight of the synthesized polyol required for PU foam formation is 69 mg KOHl g and 19320 g mor l respectively. The properties of PU foam are highly dependent on the polyol and the water (blowing agent) content.

Item Type: Research Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: polyols , palm oil, fatty acids , hydroxyl
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2019 07:29
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2019 07:29
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/22878

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