Determination of Chemical Composition, Total Flavonoid Content, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Various Crude Extracts of Manihot esculenta Crantz Leaves

Mohammad Shaheen Khan, and Samina Khan Yusufzai, and Lawrance Kimin, and Noor Adzianni Nabila Binti Jabi, (2018) Determination of Chemical Composition, Total Flavonoid Content, Total Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Capacity of Various Crude Extracts of Manihot esculenta Crantz Leaves. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology, 6 (4). pp. 2433-2443. ISSN 2321-9653

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Abstract

In the present study, the leaves of Manihot esculenta Crantz were extracted by various organic solvents viz. hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and subjected to GC-MS analysis to determine their chemical composition and antioxidant activity by DPPH assay. The GC-MS analysis of hexane extract displayed squalene (10.25%), 9-octadecenoic acid (Z)-, methyl ester (9.01%), phytol (8.71%) and hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester (8.33%) as major compounds. The major compounds present in the chloroform extract were β-amyrin (12.70%), phytol (11.35%), 1,4-methanoazulen-9-ol, decahydro-1,5,5,8atetramethyl-,[1R- (1α,3aβ,4α,8aβ,9S*)]- (10.98%), 6β-Bicyclo[4.3.0]nonane, 5β-iodomethyl-1β-isopropenyl-4α,5α-dimethyl-, (9.40%) and humulane-1,6-dien-3-ol (8.53%). In ethyl acetate extract, squalene (16.39%), 9,11-dimethyltetracyclo [7.3.1.0(2.7).1(7.11)]tetradecane (12.01%) and humulane-1,6-dien-3-ol (9.58%) were reported as major compounds. The total phenolic content for hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate was 5.35 ± 0.66 mg GAE/g, 7.52 ± 0.09 mg GAE/g and 13.47 ± 0.56 mg GAE/g, respectively. Whereas the total flavonoid content for hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate was 0.89 ± 0.17 mg QE/g, 2.69 ± 0.09 mg QE/g and 6.66 ± 0.94 mg QE/g, respectively. The antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate extract (IC50 = 0.19 mg/mL) was higher than chloroform (IC50 = 1.39 mg/mL) and hexane extracts (IC50 = 1.74 mg/mL), with respect to the standard butylatedhydroxytoluene (BHT) (IC50 = 0.04 mg/mL).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant activity, Manihot esculenta, Total flavonoid content, total phenolic content, DPPH assay, GC-MS
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2019 04:20
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2019 04:20
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/22901

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