The relationships between self-esteem, parental behavior with economic hardship among single mothers in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Joki Perdani Sawai, and Kwan, Sharon Sam Mee and Zall Kepli MD Rejab, and Balan Rathakrishnan, (2010) The relationships between self-esteem, parental behavior with economic hardship among single mothers in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. (Unpublished)

[img] Text
The relationships between self esteem.pdf

Download (56kB)

Abstract

this quantitative research attempts to examine the relationships between economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior among single mothers. Specifically, the objectives of this research are to: 1) measure the relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; 2) measure the relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior; 3) measure the economic hardship, self-esteem and parental behavior, based on demographic variables which are age and level of income. The instrument consisted of three parts: Economic Strain Questionnaire (ESQ) was used to measure the economic hardship; Self-Esteem Inventories (SEI)to measure the self-esteem; and Parent's Report Scale (PRS) to measure parental behavior. The validity and reliability of the entire three instruments have been measured. The data of this research was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics the Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The study showed that there was an insignificant negative relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; there was a significant positive relationship between economic hardships with self-esteem and parental behavior. The study also indicated that there were insignificant differences economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior based on age and level of income among these single mothers. Results are discussed and implications for future research directions also explored.

Item Type: Research Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Single mothers , economic , self-esteem , Kota Kinabalu , Sabah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2019 00:25
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 00:25
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/23197

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item