Prevalence of Strongyloidiasis in Southeast Asia: A Systematic Review

Mohd Shafik Abd Majid, and Fadzrul Hafiz Johani, and Wan Rosmawati Wan Ismail, and Diyana Mohd Mokhtar, and Qistina Mohd Ghazali, and Norfazilah Ahmad, and Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, and Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, (2018) Prevalence of Strongyloidiasis in Southeast Asia: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Public Health Research, 8 (2). pp. 1015-1024.

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Introduction: Strongyloides stercoralis is an intestinal helminth that infects humans through contact with soil containing the larvae. Methods: A systematic search was performed for relevant titles, abstract and keywords in database from Cochrane Library, PLOS One, PubMed and several other sources in October 2017 based on PICO strategy. Out of 511 papers that were evaluated for possible inclusion, final assessment for eligibility has yielded a total of 17 papers to be included which were found suitable for analysis covering period from 2012 till 2016. Results: A major challenge of giving an overview of prevalence data for S. stercoralis lies in the low sensitivity of diagnostic method used which resulted in very low prevalence in certain countries. Cambodia and Laos presented with high prevalence ranging from 17.4% to 45.9% by using high sensitivity of diagnostic methods. The current prevalence situation of S. stercoralis in Southeast Asia still have wide gaps remains due to several reasons. Conclusions: The information we have today only scratches the surface which cannot truly reflect the true burden of S. stercoralis in Southeast Asia The main risk factor is personal hygiene practices especially amongst males.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Southeast Asia, prevalence, review, Strongyloides stercoralis.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2019 23:36
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2019 23:36

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