Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) kernel fat: a potential new source of cocoa butter alternative

Md Jahurul Haque Akanda, and Y. Soon, and Sharifudin Md. Shaarani, and Hasmadi Mamat, and Mansoor Abdul Hamid, and I. S. M. Zaidul, and Lee, Jau Shya and Md. Eaqub Ali, and Kashif Ghafoor, and Wahidu Zzaman, and S. Jinap, (2018) Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) kernel fat: a potential new source of cocoa butter alternative. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 53. pp. 1689-1697.

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Abstract

Bambangan (Mangifera pajang) is one of the underutilised tropical fruits found in the Borneo islands (Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei). The physicochemical and thermal properties of bambangan kernel fat (BKF) were investigated in an effort to identify an innovative fat that could be exploited in confectionery applications. The fatty acids and triglyceride (TG) contents, melting behaviour and solid fat content (SFC) of the BKF were determined by various chromatographic and thermal techniques. BKF had three main TGs, namely 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol (POS) (11.6%), 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (SOS) (28.7%) and 1-stearoyl-2,3-dioleoyl-glycerol (SOO) (11.2%), with SOS being the major component. Stearic, oleic and palmitic acids were the dominant fatty acids with the area percentage of 36.4%, 44.5% and 8.4%, respectively. The melting behaviour indicated a single curve with only one maximum shoulder. With respect to the physicochemical and thermal properties, BKF is ideal for use in formulations (blending components) as an alternative to CB in food products, especially confectionary products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bambangan kernel fat, cocoa butter alternative, fatty acids, melting behaviour, solid fat content, triglycerides.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368-456 Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Science and Natural Resources
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2019 01:07
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 01:07
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24262

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