Obesity and weight reduction: a review on the latest weight reduction strategies

Abraham Chin Zefong, and Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, and Mohd Yusof Ibrahim, (2019) Obesity and weight reduction: a review on the latest weight reduction strategies. In: Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences.

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Abstract

Obesity prevalence in Malaysian adults aged 18 and above has more than tripled over the past 20 years with 4.5% in 1996 to 17.7% in 2015. The alarming trend of the obesity epidemic in Malaysia requires immediate revision of public health policies. Thus this review was conducted to determine the effectiveness of latest weight reduction strategies. Methods: Literature search was conducted as guided by PICO Framework and using online databases PubMed on 22 June 2018. A total of 2,203 articles were found and screened. A total of 26 articles were reviewed. Results: Most weight loss achieved is through surgical intervention with weight reduction of 20.8 kg compared to 8.5 kg reduction in control group (95% CI, p < 0.001). Non-invasive procedures that produced greatest weight reduction include diet modification strategy consisting of isocaloric diet with large breakfast (700 kcal) which produced weight reduction of 8.7 ± 1.4 kg compared to large dinner (700 kcal) 3.6 ± 1.5 kg (95% CI, p < 0.0001, and special diet of adding 3g/day cumin supplementation into normal diet which produced weight reduction of 6.2 kg compared to 4.19 kg reduction in control group (95% CI, p < 0.05. Conclusion: In this review, most weight loss is achieved through surgical intervention. All patients should receive lifestyle therapy and additional consideration should be given for pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery when indicated.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obesity, Weight reduction strategies, Lifestyle modification, Diet
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2020 23:37
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2020 23:37
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24703

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