Beriberi Outbreak Among Unauthorised Immigrants in a Detention Camp in Malaysia

Sunita Abdul Rahman, and Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, and Fadzilah Kamaludin, and Intan Azura Din, and Mahanim Yusof, and Kamruddin Ahmed, (2018) Beriberi Outbreak Among Unauthorised Immigrants in a Detention Camp in Malaysia. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 20. pp. 1294-1297.

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Abstract

In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L). Their diet contained mainly polished rice and other items with low thiamine contents. Bilateral leg swelling was associated with history of no meat consumption during past 3 months (OR 8.4; CI 2.2–32.1). Patients were treated with 100 mg thiamine intravenously and 5 mg orally per day for 6 weeks. All patients responded well. The management was advised to provide vitamin B complex daily, and encouraged to provide thiamine rich foods.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thiamine deficiency, Beriberi, Malnutrition, Legs swelling, Detention camp
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2020 23:46
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2020 23:46
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/24935

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