Occupational Determinants of Leptospirosis among Urban Service Workers

Azman Atil, and Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, and Syed Sharizman Syed Abdul Rahim, and Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, and Khamisah Awang Lukman, and Kamruddin Ahmed, (2020) Occupational Determinants of Leptospirosis among Urban Service Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (427). pp. 1-8.

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This study was carried out to determine the risk factors of leptospirosis infection among local urban service workers in Sabah. This is a cross-sectional study involving 394 workers in Kota Kinabalu City, Sabah, conducted from February to March 2017. Information on demography, occupational exposures and environmental factors was obtained by a modified validated questionnaire. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was used to determine the prevalence of positive leptospirae. The overall figure for positive leptospirae was 9.4% (95% CI: 6.8–12.8). Urban sweepers and lorry drivers made up the highest proportion of positive leptospirae respondents, contributing 15.5% and 9.4%, respectively. The significant risk factors for positive leptospirae were older age (p-value = 0.001), higher monthly salary (p-value = 0.039), longer duration of employment (p-value = 0.011) and working as an urban sweeper (p-value = 0.021). Leptospirae was prevalent among healthy urban service workers and relates to their working activities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: leptospirosis, workers, occupational determinants, urban services
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2020 00:20
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2020 15:32
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25078

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