A study on the audio-linguistic method for teaching mandarin as second language at an international school in Kota Kinabalu

Li Xuefei, (2019) A study on the audio-linguistic method for teaching mandarin as second language at an international school in Kota Kinabalu. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

Mandarin is the second language but is a compulsory course in international school in Kata Kinabalu. Students always complain that mandarin is too difficult to master because they have been facing some problems during their Mandarin study. Audio-lingual method has been used to improve students' listening and speaking skills ever since it was proposed by linguists and made popular in the 1960s. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of audio-lingual method for teaching mandarin as second language at Kata Kinabalu international school, to find out the students' satisfaction on the use of audio-lingual method and to identify the advantages and challenges faced by students regarding the audio-lingual method. This study was conducted in Kata Kinabalu international school, Sabah, Malaysia. It involved 18 primary year 4 students separated into two groups which are experimental group and control group. Audio-lingual method was used in the experimental group while the traditional method was applied in control group. This study lasted for 3 months. The instruments used in this study was pre-test and post-test data collection for the purpose of finding out the effectiveness of audio­lingual method in Mandarin as second language in improving students' listening and speaking skills, Likert-scale questionnaire was used to identify the satisfaction level of students on the use of audio-lingual method and checklist conducted to gauge the advantages faced by students regarding the audio-lingual method. After collecting the data, SPSS program was used to analyze students' scores and satisfaction. Checklist was used as a means to validate findings of the experiment. The finding of this study revealed that students' listening and speaking skills improved significantly in the experimental group more than the control group, the significance value alpha is 0.042. This shows that audio­lingual method is more effective than traditional method for teaching mandarin as second language in Kata Kinabalu international school. The questionnaire result showed that students' satisfaction towards teacher and the teaching content were at high level with the overall mean score of 3.9267 and 4.1467. On the other hand, students' satisfaction towards learning activities was at moderate level with the overall mean score of 3,8226. The checklist result showed that there were definite advantages and challenges of audio­lingual method in improving listening and speaking skills. This study revealed that audio­lingual method is effective in improving students' listening and speaking skills because of the inherent advantages of audio-lingual method but there were also some challenges faced by students and teachers. To achieve the maximum effectiveness, it was proposed that teacher needs to take into consideration students' learning interest, needs and feedback in designing learning activities in audio-lingual method class.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Audio-Linguistic, Mandarin, Kata Kinabalu International School
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Psychology and Education
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 06:05
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 06:05
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25135

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