Holt-based activity patterns of smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Santuary, Sabah, Malaysia

Leona Wai, and Meaghan N. Evans, and Henry Bernard, and Benoit Goossens, (2019) Holt-based activity patterns of smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Santuary, Sabah, Malaysia. IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group Bulletin, 36 (1). ISSN 1023-9030

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Abstract

Despite being one of the most biodiverse regions in the world, not much is known concerning the ecology of the otters on Borneo. We conducted a study to document the activity patterns of the smooth-coated otter, Lutrogale perspicillata, in increasingly disturbed and fragmented habitats in the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary (LKWS), located in the Malaysian state of Sabah, northern Borneo. The aim was to gather ecological information for establishing baseline data and to understand better the otter behavior in this region of Sabah. We deployed camera traps at active otter holts, grooming and sprainting sites for 15 non-consecutive months and utilized the photographs to model the activity patterns of the otter using kernel’s density estimate modeling. Results showed that L. perspicillata in the LKWS was mainly crepuscular, with otter activity mainly occurring during early morning (0600 h) and late afternoon (1600 h - 1800 h). Grooming activity peaked at 0600 h while sprainting activity peaked at both 0800 h and 1700 h. We suggest that activity patterns of L. perspicillata may be influenced by prey availability, human disturbance and environmental temperature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Camera trapping, kernel density modelling, animal behaviour, Borneo
Subjects: S Agriculture > SD Forestry
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2020 03:52
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2020 14:24
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25311

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