Prevalence of malaria and its risk factors in Sabah, Malaysia

Abdul Rahman Ramdzan, and Aniza Ismail, and M.Z. Zetty Sofia, (2020) Prevalence of malaria and its risk factors in Sabah, Malaysia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 91. pp. 68-72.

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Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria in Sabah and its potential risk factors. Methods This cross-sectional study analysed secondary data obtained from the health clinics in Sabah, Malaysia from January to August 2016. The Pearson Chi-square test was used to analyse the relationships between malaria infection and socio-demographic characteristics. Multivariable logistic regression was performed in order to determine the risk factors for malaria in Sabah. Results Out of 1222 patients, 410 (33.6%) had a laboratory-confirmed malaria infection. Infection by Plasmodium knowlesi accounted for the majority of malaria reports in Sabah (n=340, 82.9%). Multivariable analysis indicated that males (prevalence odds ratio 0.023, 95% confidence interval 0.012-0.047) and those living in a rural area (prevalence odds ratio 0.004, 95% confidence interval 0.002-0.009) were at higher risk 24.0–95.9) and those living in a rural area (adjusted odds ratio 212.6, 95% confidence interval 105.8–427.2) were at higher risk of acquiring a malaria infection. Conclusions Malaria infections in Sabah, Malaysia are common, with P. knowlesi being the most common malaria parasite. The infection was associated with several socio-demographic and geographical factors. Thus, mitigation measures should be considered to address modifiable risk factors for malaria infection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaria , Sabah , Prevalence , Plasmodium knowlesi
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Noraini
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 07:31
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2020 07:31
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/25506

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