Implementation of OSH legislation in Sabah’s manufacturing SMEs: a non-doctrinal study

Sharija Che Shaari and Nik Ahmad Kamal Nik Mahmod and Farheen Baig Sardar Baig Implementation of OSH legislation in Sabah’s manufacturing SMEs: a non-doctrinal study.

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Abstract

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of Malaysia’s economy. Many studies have shown, however, that SMEs are having difficulties coping with occupational safety and health (OSH). It is important to note that the accident rate has been among the highest in the Malaysian manufacturing industry over the years. This study is therefore intended to determine if Sabah's manufacturing SMEs understand their legal obligations as required by the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 (FMA 1967), the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA 1994) and related regulations. This research uses a non-doctrinal (socio-legal) approach where legal sources (statutes, case laws, legal journals) are systematically examined and the participants' input is grouped into common themes. A qualitative approach is deployed through in-depth and face-to-face interviews and focus group interviews to gain an understanding of the underlying factors, viewpoints and motives for this research. The fieldwork is carried out in major towns in Sabah, namely Kota Kinabalu, Sandakan, Tawau, and Keningau. The list of participants was obtained from the Federation of Sabah Industries (FSI) and Department of Industrial Development and Research (DIDR). It is interesting to note that in introducing OSH, many businesses are still in the darkness of their legal duties. It can be summarised that the smaller the businesses, the less OSH knowledge they have. The findings do not merely fill the gap in the current literature, but would enable policymakers to establish better regulations that can effectively reduce the rate of accidents in manufacturing SMEs.

Item Type: Proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords: Self-regulation , SMEs , Manufacturing , OSHA 1994 , Sabah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: FACULTY > Faculty of Business, Economics and Accounting
Depositing User: DG MASNIAH AHMAD -
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2021 06:59
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2021 06:59
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/27139

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