Beliefs about the meaning and measurement of intelligence: A cross-cultural comparison of American, British and Malaysian undergraduates

Swami, Viren and Furnham, Adrian F. and Ismail Maakip, and Mohd Sharani Ahmad, and Nurul Hudani Md Nawi, and Voo, Peter Su Kiong (2008) Beliefs about the meaning and measurement of intelligence: A cross-cultural comparison of American, British and Malaysian undergraduates. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22 (2). pp. 235-246. ISSN 0888-4080

[img]
Preview
PDF
203Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.1356

Abstract

This study examined lay beliefs about intelligence cross-culturally using a questionnaire based on an expert summary of what is known about intelligence. Two hundred and thirty five university undergraduates in Malaysia, 347 undergraduates in Britain and 137 undergraduates in the US rated for agreement 30 items about the nature, measurement, between-group differences and practical importance of intelligence. An exploratory factor analysis revealed three factors: (1) stability, reliability and validity of intelligence tests; (2) practical importance of intelligence and (3) source and stability of within-group intelligence. While the overall factor structure did not vary a great deal between groups, there were significant cross-cultural differences on the mean scores for Factors 1–3. Explanations for cross-cultural differences in implicit theories of intelligences are considered, and limitations of the study discussed. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Humanities languages, School, Social sciences
Subjects:?? HM1001-1281 ??
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Psychology and Social Work
ID Code:2745
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:06 Jul 2011 16:09
Last Modified:18 Feb 2015 11:36

Repository Staff Only: item control page


Browse Repository
Collection
   Articles
   Book
   Speeches
   Thesis
   UMS News
Search
Quick Search

   Latest Repository

Link to other Malaysia University Institutional Repository

Malaysia University Institutional Repository