Traditional practices, contemporary perspectives and policy review in shrimp farming in Sabah, Malaysia

Norasma Dacho, (2007) Traditional practices, contemporary perspectives and policy review in shrimp farming in Sabah, Malaysia. PhD thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

Disease and effluent management continue to be the most challenging task for shrimp farmers in Sabah causing enormous economic losses, driving some farmers to abandon the farming entirely. Effluent and disease issues will need to be examined in order to develop better approaches to suggest the most effective ways of dealing with problems in shrimp farming. Information about successful economic choices and how and where does shrimp farming placed in the overall aquaculture policy is also essential. Understanding such complex issues requires a holistic process which integrates scientific and technical variables with social science method. The aim of this study was to assess practices with regard to disease and effluent management in conventional shrimp farming including elements of successful microeconomic parameters to investigate the economic strengths and policies to support its sustainability. This study was designed to collect primary and secondary data through 1) case study observation in ten shrimp farms on the west coast of Sabah, 2) mail survey questionnaire, 3) a case study based on a micro economic model to synthesize microeconomic strengths, and 4) policy analysis to assess some macroeconomic factors and development strategies for shrimp farming. Data collected in mail survey were managed and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 11.5) software. Primary and secondary data collected were analyzed qualitatively based on logical approach; variables observed were grouped into themes to achieve the objectives. The microeconomic parameters included in this case study were cost of development, feed, fertilizers, chemical, post-larvae, farming period, feed conversion ratio, yield, and labor cost. A critical construction of policy analysis is presented regarding institutional support specifically the role of the Department of Fisheries Sabah for development and initiatives towards sustainable shrimp farming. This study provided the first empirical data that will pave the way for proposing the most effective means of dealing with shrimp health scares in Sabah. Results show that despite practicing some disease management criteria, shrimp farming continues to lag behind in disease exclusion and even taking reactive steps when infectious diseases strike their farm. Findings in this thesis supports identifying underlying issues affecting shrimp farming in Sabah which are not prepared for the battle against disease threats and lacks prudent measures in environmental management. Production variables synthesized in this case study had demonstrated a strong link between efficient shrimp farm management and microeconomic choices that could result in financial success. The policies established so far are based on a broader view of aquaculture development with very little attention awarded to how exactly sustainability and responsible shrimp farming is to be tackled effectively. It is concluded that any policy formulation and expansion plan for shrimp farming should involve farmers directly and must be based on a consultative, participatory and farmer-first approach.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aquaculture, Shrimp, Traditional practices, Contemporary perspectives, Policy review, Shrimp farming
Subjects:?? SH20.3-191 ??
Divisions:SCHOOL > Biotechnology Research Institute (BRI)
ID Code:3706
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:01 Jun 2012 10:50
Last Modified:01 Jun 2012 10:50

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