The impact of culture on student attributions for performance: A comparative study of three groups of EFL/ESL learners

Gopel, P. and Mori, Setsuko and Thang, Siew Ming and Kan, Ngat Har and Lee, Kean Wah (2011) The impact of culture on student attributions for performance: A comparative study of three groups of EFL/ESL learners. Journal of Institutional Research South East Asia, 9 (1). pp. 27-43. ISSN 1675-6061

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Official URL: http://www.academia.edu/1441538/The_impact_of_cult...

Abstract

This paper describes a cross-cultural comparative study concerned with learners' attributions for success and failure in learning English as a foreign/second language. The study investigated perceived reasons for doing well or poorly on actual language learning tasks under a variety of teaching conditions, looking at how learners judge their successes and failures, and their range of attributions. Using a set of questionnaires, 355 Thai first-year university students, 350 Japanese first-year university students and 298 Malaysian first-year university students were asked to what they attributed their success or failure in chosen tasks. The results of the questionnaire uncovered striking similarities across the three groups, indicating a lack of the self-enhancement/self-protective bias proposed in previous (Western) studies, and suggesting a possible attributional cultural bias that extends to a number of Asian cultures. If this bias does indeed exist, the study suggests that it should be taken into consideration when considering language teaching methodology and the learning environment.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Attribution theory, Culture, EF, ESL, Motivation
Subjects:P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General)
Divisions:SCHOOL > School of Education and Social Development
ID Code:5094
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:11 Oct 2012 17:20
Last Modified:16 Feb 2015 12:37

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