Microencapsulation of Morinda citrifolia L. extract by spray-drying

Krishnaiah, Duduku and Rosalam Sarbatly, and Nithyanandam, Rajesh (2012) Microencapsulation of Morinda citrifolia L. extract by spray-drying. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 90 (5). pp. 622-632. ISSN 0263-8762


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Microcapsules containing Morinda citrifolia L. microparticles were produced by a spray-drying technique using various proportions of κ-carrageenan and maltodextrin as the binding materials. In this work, the effects of spray-drying on the encapsulation yield, particle size, moisture content, DPPH scavenging activity, total phenolic content and total flavonoid content of the bioactive components of M. citrifolia L. were determined for different volume ratios in the inlet air temperature range of 90-140 °C. The results showed that the percentage of 2,2-diphenyl picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity of the spray-dried powder was the highest for the 1:2 ratio (volume ratio of M. citrifolia L. extract to additive solution) at 90 °C, with maltodextrin at a concentration of 33. mg/ml. The results also showed that the microcapsules had a regular spherical shape. The spray-dried M. citrifolia fruit extract showed high antioxidant activity (28.36% DPPH activity), thus suggesting that it might be useful as a food additive and/or ingredient under the above optimum operating conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: κ-Carrageenan, Maltodextrin, Microencapsulation, Morinda citrifolia, Spray-drying, Antioxidant activities, Binding materials, Bioactive components, Carrageenans, Flavonoid content, Fruit extracts, Inlet air temperatures, Maltodextrins, Micro-particles, Microcapsules, Microencapsulation, Morinda citrifolia, Optimum operating conditions, Scavenging activities, Spherical shape, Spray-dried powders, Total phenolic content, Volume ratio, Drying, Packaging, Phenols, Encapsulation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Engineering and Information Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2012 09:42
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2017 01:33
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/5571

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