Determinants of health care expenditure

Hei, Soh Mei (2008) Determinants of health care expenditure. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The study of the determinants of health care expenditure has been one of the important issues in developments of economy of a country. Most of the researchers preferred study on the health expenditure of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries because most of the OECD countries are developed countries. Developed countries have one major characteristic that is the growing share of health care expenditure in gross domestic product (GDP), so that in those countries, they have such issue where government try to control and to limit the increase of those expenditure. In order to do so, they need to know which are the main determinants of health care expenditure and what is their impact. The aim of this study is to determine which determinants explain the growing of the aggregate health care expenditure in Malaysia. This paper focus on five common independent variables that usually used by researchers that are gross domestic product (GDP), proportion of population ≥ 65 years old, number of doctor, amount of medical save scheme and the number of medical physicians. Two methods are used in testing the relationship between variables that are the multiple regression model and the Koyck Lag model. The cJ.ata being used are annual data from 1987 to 2006. By using the logarithmic transformation on the data of not nonnally distributed, the result shows that only the ageing population and the interaction of the ageing population with the number of doctor and the amount of medical save scheme will give some impact on the changing of the health care expenditure. This may because Malaysia is still in the process of developing and the government may not give more effort in developing the health sector.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health care, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, Sabah
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2013 01:21
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 06:16
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/5618

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