Anemia as risk factor for mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD)

Cheong, Yee Chi (2007) Anemia as risk factor for mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)


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This study sought to determine the survival rate of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients in Kota Kinabalu Queen Elizabeth Hospital and to evaluate the relationship between anemia, hypertension and diabetes with survival rate. Anemia, hypertension and diabetes occur frequently in ESRD patients. Sample data for this study is obtained from KKQEH pool of kidney disease patients of year 2005. A total of 248 patients from various age groups and ethnicity were included in the study. Life Table method is used to find the survival rate of ESRD patients and Kaplan Meier Survival Analysis is used to determine the survival rate of patients who are anemic, diabetic or had hypertension. Log-Rank Test is used to compare survival rates between groups. Survival time is associated with age groups and ethnicity. The result of the study shows that older patients have lower survival rate. Chinese and Kadazan Dusun patients have higher survival rate compared to other ethnicity. Anemia and diabetes were found to be risk factors of mortality (90% CI: p<0.051 and p<0.037). The risk was higher for interaction between anemia and diabetes (p<0.007), diabetes and hypertension (p<0.086) and all three factors (p<0.018) than that predicted by these three factors independently. Anemia and diabetes are risk factors for mortality in patients with End Stage Renal Disease, especially when both are present along with hypertension.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), anemia, hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Science and Technology
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2013 03:55
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 04:47

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