Nutritional and health status of Dusun in Ranau and Kuala Penyu

Kok, Chin ning (2010) Nutritional and health status of Dusun in Ranau and Kuala Penyu. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study aimed to examine the difference of nutritional and health status of the Dusun between Ranau (highland area) and Kuala Penyu (coastal area). Design was cross-sectional assessment of anthropometric, biochemical, and diet from population. Subjects (61 from Ranau; 52 from Kuala Penyu; aged 30-90 years) from both areas completed a triple 24-hour dietary recall, single FFQ, and biochemical tests for serum blood glucose and lipids. Comparison of 24-hour dietary recall and FFQ data with EI/BMR ratio showed that there were mote overreporters of energy intake from FFQ than 24-hour dietary recall in both men and women. Therefore all analyses using dietary data were derived from 24-hour dietary recall. Measurements from FFQ were used to identify food groups consumed. Lifestyle factor such as smoking and alcohol consumption was significantly positive correlated (p<0.05) with serum lipid level, BMI, and blood pressure. Food patterns were compared with Malaysian Food Guide Pyramid recommendations. Subjects from Ranau had a higher intake of meat and poultry products compared to Kuala Penyu. calcium, milk and dairy products intake was relatively low among subjects from both locations. Mean serum total cholesterol (p<0.001), serum triglycerides (p<0.05) and fasting blood glucose (p <0.001) level of subjects· from Ranau was significantly higher than subjects from Kuala Penyu. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis identified 8MI as predictor of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia; age, serum triglycerides level and usage of salt per month per person (kg) as predictors of hypertension; BMI and usage of oil per month per person (kg) as predictors of hyperlipidemia.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutritional, Health status, Dusun Ranau, Dusun Kuala Penyu
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email storage.bpmlib@ums.edu.my
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2011 08:39
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 06:12
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/661

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