Butterfly diversity in Lok Kawi Botanical Garden and Kawang Forest Nature Centre: Butterfly as an indicator of habitat quality in both areas

Bernadette John, (2011) Butterfly diversity in Lok Kawi Botanical Garden and Kawang Forest Nature Centre: Butterfly as an indicator of habitat quality in both areas. Masters thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

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Abstract

A study on the habitat quality of butterfly was carried out at Lok Kawi Botanical Garden (LKBG) and Kawang Forest Nature Centre (KFNC). The modified line transect count method was used to record species composition and abundance of butterfly communities. The sampling period was carried out between February to April 2008 for fourteen days on each sites. The aim of this study was to gather information on butterfly's habitat quality at Lok Kawi Botanical Garden and Kawang Forest Nature Centre. Species diversity and fauna of butterflies was calculated using the Shannon-Wiener index (H), Margalef's index (DM) and Simpson's index (Ds). A total of 624 individuals were recorded in this study which comprised of 78 species in five families. Three hundred twenty two (322) individuals were recorded in LKBG with fourty four (49) species while three hundred two (302) individuals with fifty two (52) species in KFNC. One endangered species Trogonoptera brookiana was found in this study. This study indicates a Kawang Forest Nature Centre has more diverse butterfly compared than Lok Kawi Botanical Garden. Meanwhile, there was no difference between habitats in species diversity (Shannon-Wiener, Simpson or Margalef) over the whole sampling period (t-test; Shannon, t = -1.46, df = 4, P = 0.22, SE = 0.1085, LKBG mean = 1.67, SE = 0.29, KFNC mean= 1.83, SE = 0.25; Simpson, t = -1.08, df =4, P =0.34, SE=0.2368, LKBG mean= 5.81, SE = 1.70, KFNC mean= 7.14, SE = 1.26; Margalef, t = -0.27, df = 4, P =0.80, SE = 0.26, LKBG mean= 2.30, SE = 0.68, KFNC mean= 2.37, SE = 0.79). Twenty three (23) species with four hundred seventy six (476) individuals were recorded widely distributed in both sites, twenty six (26) species with fifty five (51) individuals found only in LKBG and 29 species with 97 individuals in KFNC. The most abundant family was Nymphalidae (52.56%), followed by Pieridae (16.67%), Lycaenidae (10.26%) Hesperiidae (11.54%), and Papilionidae (8.97%). Five dominant species in this study were Eurema hecabe (13.6%J E lacteola (8.8%), E sari (7.4%), Ypthima pandocus (6.6%) and Ps%s fuligio (5.8%).

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:butterfly, habitat quality, diversity, composition
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:SCHOOL > Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation
ID Code:6644
Deposited By:IR Admin
Deposited On:30 Jul 2013 12:27
Last Modified:30 Jul 2013 12:27

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