Nutritional status of rural primary school children aged 7 to 12 years old in district of Pitas, Sabah measured using anthropometry, dietary habits and household income.

Yasmin Awang Damit, (2007) Nutritional status of rural primary school children aged 7 to 12 years old in district of Pitas, Sabah measured using anthropometry, dietary habits and household income. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Nutritional status evaluation of primary school children aged 7 - 12 years old was carried out in Pitas, Sabah. Three primary school were selected for the study involving 360 (180 boys, 180 girls) pupils in Standard 1 until Standard 6. Focus in this study was measurement of weight and height and Body Mass Index (BMI) calculation, measurements were compared with NCHS/ CDC 2000 growth chart. Parent-assisted questionnaires were used to study demographic, medical history, dietary habits and food frequency consumption. This study defined significant, mild underweight and stunting, overweight and obesity based on percentiles of the NCHS/ CDC references. Using weight-for-age charts, approximately 91% (n=327) were categorized as significantly or mildly underweight. Using height-for-age charts, about 93% (n=334) were significantly or mildly stunted. This study found that 3.3% (n=12) and 1.7% (n=6) in this sample were overweight and obese, respectively, based on 85th and 95th percentiles of BMI-for-age curves. Pearson's correlation test found significant correlation between frequency of consumption for fruits group which is food group 2 (r=0.106, p<0.05) and vegetables group which is food group 3 (r=0.116, p<0.05), respectively with family wages and food group 5 (milk and dairy products) with family wages (r=0.156, p<0.01). For growth status, only BMI-for-age was correlated with family wages (r= - 0.54, p<0.05). In conclusion, the results demonstrate high prevalence of stunting and underweight, and low prevalence of overweight and obesity among these primary school children.

Item Type: Academic Exercise
Uncontrolled Keywords: primary school, low prevalence of overweight, weight, height, BMI, age
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: SCHOOL > School of Food Science and Nutrition
Depositing User: MDM SITI AZIZAH IDRIS
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2013 03:25
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 04:08
URI: http://eprints.ums.edu.my/id/eprint/7213

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